CUSTER'S LAST STAND
The most famous and visited Indian Wars Battlefield.
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Before Custer had his Last Stand, the tribes of the Sioux, Arapohoe, and Northern Cheyenne tribes had been fighting and the US Military in this area of the West for over a decade. These tribes had fought "Red Cloud's War" against the bluecoats in 1866 along the Bozeman Trail (known also as Virginia City and Bighorn Rd). The tribes were unhappy about the encroachment of the Military build Forts on their tribal hunting grounds; as the U.S. Government felt pressure to build these forts to protect the immigrants head west during and after the Civil War. The Forts were under constant harassment and each work party (for game, water, and wood) had to be vigilant not to be over ran. Many of the tribes didn't not sign the Laramie Treaty of 1866, and refused to allow the white man passage to their native hunting grounds. December 21, 1866 changed many things; Red Cloud and his war party had been running off livestock and attacking every wagon train in the area. CPT. Fetterman, a Civil War Veteran, stationed at Fort Phil Kearney (18 miles south of present day Sheridan, WY) had said that with 80 men he could ride straight through the heart of Sioux Country. Fetterman lead a relief force of 81 men of the 2nd Cavalry, 18th Infantry, and two civilians. They were drawn away from the wood party in pursuing decays to an ambush city. One of the Braves that performed this stunt was a man named, Crazy Horse. Fetterman disobeyed his commanding officer and took his command out of sight of the fort and over Lodge Tail Ridge. The Government abandoned the Forts along the Bozeman trail, and the tribes were free of intrusion of whites for a time.
The discovery of Gold in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory changed the course of history for the region. There had been rumors for a time, in 1874 the Government commissioned an expidition into the Black Hills to confirm the stories. It was lead by Bvt. Major General Custer of the 7th Cavarly; he took almost a thousand men on his march through the heart of Souix Territory. Gold was discovered, and soon the secret was out. The land was owned by the Sioux as per the Laramie Treaty, so the US Government was required to charge the Military and mainly the Cavalry with keeping the white man from plundering their sacred Black hills. This proved to be impossible for a small force to secure an area of thousands of square miles. After conflicts arose with the flood of treasure hunters, the civilian population pressured the government to control the threat. Hence, an order from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs went out in December of 1875, that all Indians must return to their reservations by January of 1876 or be deemed hostiles to the US Government. Runners were sent out from the reservations, those that received the message laughed at the craziness of the demand. Even if they wanted to they could never return in the dead of winter.
The War Department had planned for a winter campaign, as had been successful in previous conflicts with the Plains tribes. Due to heavy snow fall, COL. Gibbons 2nd Cavalry from Ft Ellis, MT (Bozeman) and Gen. Terry/Bvt. Gen. Custer's command from Ft. Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory could not take to the field till spring. General Crook's force did take to the field under Col. J.J. Reynolds and engaged a Cheyenne village in March of 1876. But victory slipped from this commander, and General Crook's men were forced to return to Fort Fetterman. General Sherman then planned to have a three prong attack on the Sioux. This provided all the nations of the Sioux and their allies that the US Government was serious and the military were going to attack if they found them off the reservation.
The Last Stand
On June 25, 1876, General Custer and more than 600 of his 7th Cavalry Troopers fought 2-3,000 warriors on the Banks of the Little Bighorn. They had been in the saddle for over 5 weeks since living Ft Abraham Lincoln on May 17, 1876. General Custer was called to atop the ridge at the Crow's Nest at mid morning to see what his chief of scouts, Lt. Varnum and his scouts had seen of a signs of a big Village that morning. After weeks on the trail and dust and the rising temperature of the day, General Custer could not see of what he was been told of a large village that is nearly 20 miles in the distance. He breaks his command into three Battalions. Then further separates his first two from the third Battalion commanded by Cpt. Benteen, who he sends to the Southwest and clearly away from the Village. CPT. Benteen and General Custer have been at odds for quite some time. Custer attacks! Reno to the south end of the village, while Custer skirts the cliffs moving north. His men fight a running battle from the middle of the village at Minniconjou Ford to Last Stand Hill and all are wiped out, Reno who he promised help barely escapes with half his men from his attack on the southern end of the village. He is supported and saved by the return of Benteen. The braves are led by warriors of great courage - such as Crazy Horse, Gall, Sitting Bull and others carry the day. They hold Benteen and Reno for two days as the village escapes before Col. Gibbon and Gen Terry arrive from the north.
BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIGHORN REENACTMENT 1pm June 24-26, 2011 www.littlebighornreenactment.com Battle of the Little Bighorn Reenactment is held on the banks of the Little Bighorn River where Sitting Bull's Camp was between Crow Agency & Garryowen, MT (only 1 hour south of Billings, MT)!! This Battle has also been called Custer's Last Stand and the Battle of the Greasy Grass. Hosted by the Real Bird Family, the 18th Annual Battle of the Little Bighorn Re-enactment is held at 1 pm on the 24, 25, and 26 June 2011 at the 135th Anniversary of "Custer's Last Stand. Learn and experience the historic struggle for control of the West by visiting the amazing Little Bighorn Reenactment firsthand - where the Sioux Nation was encamped. The Reenactment is located just south of Crow Agency, MT and between the historic points of Custer's Last Stand Hill, Reno's Charge / Retreat, and Reno - Benteen Battlefield. Held at Medicine Tail Coulee and Minneconjou Ford, this is where Custer's Battalion was closest to the village and where E and F Troops were sent to attack the Indian village. This battle is located between the Little Bighorn National Park/Museum and Garryowen/Custer's Battlefield Museum.
WANT MORE HISTORY AND ADVENTURE? The 8 Day Little Bighorn Cavalry Course and "Custer's Last Ride" Adventure with Little Bighorn Reenactment is held 19-27 June 2010. Learn U.S. Cavalry riding of the 1870s, while you experience Little Bighorn/Custer's Last Stand Military Staff Ride, mounted Battlefield tours, history, horsemanship, tactics, firearms, excitement, friendship, and professional Cavalry Training. For slideshows, pictures, and more information - Click here: www.USCavalrySchool.com